Religion in Turkey has been a defining factor in Turkish culture for centuries. It has shaped the country’s history and is an important aspect of many people’s lives today. Turkey, which is 99 percent Muslim, is home to various religious denominations, including Sunni Muslims, Alevi Muslims, and Christian minorities such as Armenians and Greeks. Additionally, there has been a significant increase in non-religious Turks over the past decade.

Introduction Of Religion in Turkey

Religion has been integral to Turkish culture and national identity since before the country’s foundation. Turkey is a predominantly Muslim nation, with around 99% of its population identifying as adherents of Islam. In addition to Muslims, there are sizeable Christian and Jewish minorities in the country.

The vast majority of Muslims in Turkey adhere to Sunni Islam and practice it in a moderate form. The government has historically taken a largely secular approach towards Religion, allowing for freedom of worship but keeping religious authorities separate from state affairs. This non-interference policy has made Turkey an important hub for interfaith dialogue between various religions, particularly Islam and Christianity.

Religion & Islam in Turkey

Religion has always played a significant role in the history of Turkey. The country is home to various religions and beliefs, with Islam predominant. It is believed that more than 99% of the population of Turkey identify as Muslim, mostly Sunni Muslims, with some Shia Muslims present in smaller numbers.

The religious identity of Turkey is closely intertwined with its national identity and culture. This intertwining can be seen in the country’s architecture, art, music and literature, which are highly influence by Islamic culture and values. Furthermore, Friday prayers are broadcasted on television channels throughout the country every week, and many mosques host educational lectures for communities across Turkey.

Religion in Turkey

Religion in Turkey has been evolving since the Ottoman Empire. With more than 99 percent of its population identifying as Muslim, it is one of the most religiously homogenous countries in the world. However, religious freedom exists in Turkey, and citizens practice various beliefs.

The official religion of Turkey is Sunni Islam, which was established during the Ottoman period as part of a drive to unify its diverse populations under a single faith. This changed after Ataturk’s revolution in 1923, when secularism became important for national identity and state-religion relations were redefined within this framework.

As such, Religion plays an important yet less significant role in Turkish life today compared to several centuries ago. The government also recognizes minority religions like Christianity and Judaism, with special legal protections given to certain religious sites around Turkey that are sacred to these faiths.

History of Turkey’s Religions

Turkey has a long, complex history of religious life. This country has been home to many different faiths and religions, from the ancient Turkish gods of Central Asia to Christianity and Islam in the modern day.

History of Turkey's Religions

As one of the oldest civilizations in the world, Turkey’s religious heritage is varied and far-reaching. Early societies in Anatolia were polytheistic, worshipping gods such as Tengri, Oguzhan and Kybele. The arrival of Christianity with Saint Paul’s mission to Ephesus during the 1st century changed the face of Religion in Turkey forever. By the 11th century, most regions had adopted Orthodox Christianity as their main Religion.

The Ottoman Empire followed suit by introducing Islam as a cornerstone faith during the 13th and 14th centuries.

History: Ottoman Empire

Religion is deeply embedded in the history of Turkey as it was once part of the Ottoman Empire, one of the largest and longest-lasting empires in world history. The Ottomans developed a unique form of Islam that blended Islamic law with elements from Persian, Byzantine, and Arab cultural traditions. This mix became known as Ottoman Islam, a major influence on Religion in modern Turkey.

According to recent estimates, most people living in Turkey today are Muslim, making up around 99 percent of the population. Of this group, 84 percent self-identify as Sunni Muslims, while 16 percent identify as Alevi Muslims. The remaining one percent consists mostly of Christians and other small religious minorities such as Jews or Baha’is.

Major Religion in turkey: Islam,

Turkey is a country steeped in history and spirituality. It has been home to many different religions throughout its long and storied past, with Islam being Turkey’s major religion today.

Islam was first introduced to the region now known as Turkey by Arab traders in the 7th century AD. Since then, it has become an integral part of Turkish national identity and culture, with nearly 99% of its population identifying as Muslim. Although there is freedom of Religion enshrined in its Constitution, over 98% of these Muslims are Sunnis, while Alevis account for 2%.

As such, almost all public observances revolve around Islamic holidays and rituals, the most important being Eid al-Fitr, which marks the end of Ramadan.

Islam in Turkey

Religion has long played a significant role in the culture and society of Turkey. Islam is Turkey’s most widely practised Religion, with nearly 98 percent of the population adhering to this faith. For centuries, Islamic traditions have been part of everyday life for many people in this country.

In 1923, the Turkish Republic was founded by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk as a secular state. However, it still maintains strong ties to its religious heritage due to its majority Muslim population. Today, mosques are commonplace throughout the country and attending prayer services is common among many citizens. Even those who do not practice any particular faith often attend mosque services out of respect for their community’s traditional practices.


Religion is an integral part of life for many people in Turkey. The predominant faith in the country is Islam, with approximately 99% of the population claiming to be adherents. Despite this, many different types of Islamic belief can be found throughout Turkey, including Sufism.

Sufism is a mystical branch of Islam which emphasizes direct knowledge and experience of God through spiritual practices such as meditation and prayer. It is believed to have originated in 8th-century Iraq and spread throughout the Middle East over the centuries.

In Turkey, Sufism has been an important part of Muslim culture for centuries, with numerous orders or brotherhoods established across the country. These orders are still active today, providing religious guidance and instruction to their followers on how to lead a pious life that brings them closer to God.

Other Religions in Turkey

Religion plays an integral role in the culture and politics of Turkey. The country is majority Muslim, with 99.8% of the population identifying as Muslim and mainly following Sunni Islam. However, other religions have a presence in the country too.

Christianity is still practised by 0.2% of Turks, mostly belonging to Orthodox and Armenian churches that originated from Ancient Greece in Istanbul before the Ottoman Empire was established. Similarly, Judaism has existed since ancient times, but it only accounts for 0.1 %of Turkey’s population today due to emigration throughout history.

Other Religions in Turkey

Additionally, small communities of Yazidis and Baha’i adherents scattered around different parts of Turkey, and a few thousand who practice Alevism – an offshoot of Shi’a Islam popular in the Anatolia region – make up around 5-15 %of the total religious makeup.

Christianity in Turkey

Turkey is located in the heart of two continents: Europe and Asia. Its religious background offers a unique view of how Christianity can exist in this part of the world. Though Islam is the prevailing Religion, Christianity has been practised in Turkey since ancient times.

Christianity first appeared in Turkey during the 1st century AD when Paul travelled to Antioch and preached about Jesus Christ. Christian communities began to form throughout Anatolia (modern-day Turkey) as it spread. The Byzantine Empire brought an influx of Greek Orthodoxy, which still exists today as one of the four main Christian denominations in Turkey.

Today, around 100,000 Christians live primarily in Istanbul and other urban areas and practice various forms of Catholicism and Protestantism as well as Greek Orthodoxy.

Judaism in Turkey

Religion plays an important role in the culture and society of Turkey. Judaism is an ancient religion practised in Turkey since Roman times. Today, the nation’s Jewish community numbers around 20,000 people, mostly in Istanbul and Izmir. Turkey has a long history of religious tolerance and coexistence between different faiths, allowing Jews to practice their Religion with relative peace for centuries.

During World War II, the country provided refuge for thousands of Jewish refugees escaping European persecution. While anti-Semitic incidents have occurred sporadically throughout the years, the Turkish government continues to safeguard its Jewish citizens’ rights to practice their faith without discrimination or harassment.

Role of Religion in Society

Religion has always played an important role in Turkey’s society, going back to its ancient roots. Today, the country is predominately Muslim, with 99% of its population identifying as Muslim – primarily Sunni and Alevi Shiite Muslims. The remaining 1% is mostly composed of Christians and Jews. In addition to being a majority-Muslim country, Religion plays a major part in Turkish life. From birth rituals to daily prayers and religious holidays, Religion shapes much of the culture and lifestyle within Turkey.

Despite being a majority-Muslim nation, secularism is also deeply entrenched within Turkish society for decades now since the founding of modern Turkey by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in 1923. This means that the government does not take any official stance on Religion nor favours one denomination over another.

Religion and Politics

Religion plays a key role in many aspects of life in Turkey, including politics. The country is one of the few remaining states with an officially declared state religion. Additionally, numerous and influential religious communities possess considerable power within the Turkish political system.

The Turkish Republic was founded on secular principles in 1923, following the fall of the Ottoman Empire. The official state religion is Sunni Islam, and this faith has a major influence on law and government policy-making across many areas, such as family law and education.

The importance of Religion to Turkey’s political system is highlighted by the fact that religious symbols are used extensively throughout governmental proceedings and ceremonies, including in Parliament, where Islamic prayers are often recited before business commences.

Religion and Politics

Current Trends: Secularization

Religion in Turkey has a long and complicated history, with the nation having significant ties to Islam and Christianity. Currently, the country is highly secularized, yet Religion still plays an important role in Turkish society.

In recent years, traditional religious practices have declined as more Turks embrace a secular lifestyle. This can be seen in the fact that only one-third of the population regularly attends services at mosques or churches. Furthermore, a growing percentage of people identify as atheists or agnostic; this is especially true for younger generations.

Despite these trends towards secularization, many aspects of Turkey’s culture are still intertwined with its two religions: Islam and Christianity. For example, certain holidays remain important cultural events celebrated by all members of society regardless of their faith background.

Challenges: Polarization

Religion has been intertwined with Turkish history since the beginning, and the country boasts a richly diverse religious landscape. However, this diversity is challenged by increasing polarization between traditionally harmonious groups. This polarization has increased since the 1980s when reforms to secularize the government were implemented, resulting in tensions that continue to impact modern Turkey.

The relationship between Religion and politics continues to be a complex issue for many citizens of Turkey. Although Islam is dominant in numbers, there are significant populations of minority faiths, including Christianity and Judaism. These minority religions often face discrimination due to their beliefs and practices, with some even facing restrictions from participating fully in society or accessing public services. In addition, ongoing conflicts between different sectarian groups often result in violence and unrest, escalating quickly if left unchecked.

Role of Religion: Since Ottoman Empire

Religion has played an important role in Turkey since the Ottoman Empire. The country is officially secular, but over 99% of its population is Muslim, primarily Sunni. Sunnis form the majority of the population and practice their faith freely.

The Turkish Constitution guarantees freedom of Religion for all citizens, although religious instruction is still not permitted in public schools. This reflects the official policy of maintaining neutrality towards Religion, which has been in effect since 1924 when Mustafa Kemal Atatürk established the modern Republic of Turkey after abolishing the Ottoman Empire.

The government also controls many Islamic practices, such as requiring clerics to be licensed by the state and allowing only certain preachers to issue fatwas (religious rulings). Despite this control over religious expression, Turks retain a strong religious identity reflected in their culture and daily life.

Religious Freedoms: Government Regulations

Religion in Turkey has been an essential component of the nation’s culture and identity since the days of the Ottoman Empire. Religious freedoms have faced increasing governmental regulations in recent years despite their presence.

The Turkish government has imposed restrictions on activities associated with certain religions, including Christianity, Alevism, and some Islamic sects. This has particularly been apparent in regulations regarding religious education, dress codes for students attending public schools, and a ban on religious broadcasting programs that do not conform to official state policies. Additionally, a Law of Associations passed in 2008 limits what kind of activities non-Muslim organizations are allowed to pursue.

These regulatory efforts by the government have led to criticism from both inside and outside Turkey, who view them as attempts to suppress Religion and limit religious freedom for Turks regardless of their faith or beliefs.

Religious Freedoms Government Regulations

Current Status: Laws & Regulations

Religion in Turkey is a dynamic and complex topic. It has been important in Turkey’s culture, identity, and politics since the Ottoman Empire. The current religious status in Turkey is largely shaped by laws and regulations enacted in recent years.

In 1923, the Turkish Republic was founded as a secular state committed to religious freedom for all citizens. However, Islam remains the majority religion in the country, with about 99% of its citizens identifying as Muslim. This has made it difficult for people practising other religions or non-religious beliefs to practice freely or receive legal protection against discrimination.

Human Rights Violations?

Turkey is a predominantly Muslim nation with a rich religious history. Even so, the relationship between Religion and the government in Turkey has been complicated for many years. In recent years, there have been increasing concerns about human rights violations related to Religion in this country.

Turkey’s government has long had an uneasy relationship with its citizens’ religious practices. Turks are mostly Muslim but are also allowed to practice other religions, including Christianity, Judaism and Alevism. This multicultural population sometimes clashes with their government’s policies, especially when they involve freedom of expression or belief.

The Turkish government has a history of using religious laws as an excuse to restrict basic freedoms and crack down on dissenters or those who do not follow the state’s official interpretation of Islam.

Potential Solutions to Human Rights Violations in Turkey

The Republic of Turkey is a unique nation in which the interplay between Religion and politics has been an ongoing concern for many years. It is a complex situation due to the country’s long history of religious and cultural diversity, with citizens belonging to various Christian denominations and Islam.

In recent years, there have been increased reports of human rights violations in Turkey related to freedom of Religion or belief (FoRB). This article will explore potential solutions to these violations, focusing on two main areas: increasing awareness and education about religious freedoms and strengthening legal protections for individuals against discrimination based on their faith.

The first step towards addressing the issue of human rights violations in Turkey must be raising awareness. More people must understand that FoRB encompasses much more than just the right to worship without interference. It also includes freedom from discrimination based on religious beliefs or practices.

Religious intolerance in turkey

Religion has played an integral role in the history of Turkey. While it is known for being a nation that practices religious tolerance, changes have caused some citizens to feel uncomfortable and unwelcome over the years. Religious intolerance in Turkey has become increasingly evident since 2003 and continues to challenge many members of the country’s diverse population.

As part of a collective effort to promote secularism within the government and society. Religious freedoms were greatly restricted during much of the 20th century. In recent years, however, restrictions on religious expression have become more severe. With sweeping laws implemented that criminalize any form of dissent or criticism towards Religion or its leaders. This has led to increased societal tensions between those who practice different faiths and those who are non-religious.

Things you need to know about Religion in turkey

Religion plays an important role in Turkey’s culture and history. With a population of over 82 million people, the country is home to many faiths and beliefs. Understanding the various religions in Turkey can provide valuable insight into its rich past and present. Here are some noteworthy facts about Religion in Turkey that everyone should know.

Most Turkish citizens identify as Muslim, with the overwhelming majority being Sunni Muslims. The country has a deep-rooted Islamic heritage, with many mosques throughout the country serving as places for communal prayer and learning. However, a diverse population of non-Muslims reside in Turkey, including Christians, Jews, Alevis, Yazidis and other small religious communities. These minority faiths are protected under Turkish law with freedom of belief guaranteed by the Constitution.

Cultural Influences: Traditions and Customs

Religion plays an important role in Turkish culture and has significantly influenced the country for centuries. Nearly 99% of Turkey’s population is Muslim, with the majority Sunni. This strong religious presence has shaped many aspects of life in Turkey, from healthcare to politics.

The country’s traditional customs and beliefs have been heavily influenced by Islam. Particularly regarding matters such as marriage and family life. In addition, there are certain restrictions regarding dress codes for both men and women. Even in more modern cities such as Istanbul or Ankara.

These restrictions ensure that individuals remain modestly dressed while also considering cultural traditions and values. Furthermore, food consumption is also affected by these religious beliefs—many restaurants serve halal food only as a sign of respect towards their customers’ faith.

Exploring Turkey’s Complex Religious Culture

Turkey is a country well known for its complex religious culture. This culture has been shaped by centuries of influence from different religions and ideologies, including Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. Understanding Turkey’s religious identity will give an insight into the nation’s political and social life.

The most predominant Religion in Turkey is Sunni Islam which comprises around 99% of the population. This majority does not mean that other religions do not exist; there are several minority groups in Turkey, such as Alevis, Christians and Jews, who practice their faith openly without fear of persecution or discrimination. For example, Istanbul has many beautiful churches built before the Ottoman era that have been preserved over time.

The presence of various religious identities in Turkey reflects the long history of cultural exchange between East and West.

Religion in turkey before Islam

Religion has been an integral part of life in Turkey for centuries. Before Islam’s introduction, several religions were practised in the area – including Christianity, Judaism and Zoroastrianism. Christianity was especially widespread among the local populations, with churches popping up throughout Anatolia during Roman and Byzantine rule.

After the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Turks in 1453, Islam began to take hold as a predominant faith among the people of Turkey. Over time, it became increasingly intertwined with Turkish culture, politics and everyday life. Although non-Muslims are still present in Turkey today, many aspects of traditional Turkish culture have been altered or replaced by Islamic practices. This includes food choices, clothing styles, public holidays, and ceremonies.

How strict is Islam in turkey?

Religion plays a large role in the culture of Turkey, and Islam is the most widely practised faith in the country. There are various interpretations of how strictly Islam should be followed, and this has been a source of debate within Turkey for many years. How strict is Islam in Turkey? The answer to this depends largely on one’s interpretation and experience.

Things you need to know about Religion in turkey

The Turkish government recognizes the right to freedom of Religion and protects it through its Constitution. However, there are still restrictions on certain religious activities, such as proselytizing and wearing non-Islamic clothing or symbols in public places. Generally speaking, Religion tends to be treated more casually among younger generations; however, older generations tend to adhere more closely to traditional Islamic values. Practising Muslims may observe Ramadan or attend Friday congregational prayers at mosques throughout the country.

Why is turkey different from other Muslim Countries?

Religion plays an integral role in Turkey’s culture and society, a predominantly Islamic country. The majority of Turks are Muslim, yet there are some differences between how Religion is practised and viewed in Turkey compared to other predominately Muslim countries.

Turkey is considered a secular state which separates its official government from any religious establishment. Although Islam is considered a major factor in the nation’s culture, it does not have any political power or influence over governmental decisions.

This separation between Religion and politics makes Turkey unique among most other majority-Muslim nations where Sharia law often holds sway. In addition, despite the prevalence of Islam, freedom of religious expression and practice is guaranteed to all citizens under Turkish law.

Turkey’s population by Religion

Religion plays a large role in modern Turkey, boasting over 80 million citizens adhering to various faiths. Turkey’s population is primarily comprised of Muslims, with 99.8% being identified as adherents to Islam. Of this number, the majority practice Sunni Islam and around 20-25% are estimated to be Alevi Muslims.

The remaining 0.2% of the population comprises Christians and Jews; both religions practised in the region for centuries. Christianity is divided almost equally between Orthodox and Protestant denominations, and an estimated 20,000 Jews live in Turkey today.

Turkey Muslim population

Religion plays an integral role in Turkey’s culture and population. With the majority of its population identifying as Muslim, it is no surprise that the Islamic faith heavily influences its citizens’ laws, customs, and daily life. With a significant number of religious minorities also present in Turkey, many different faiths are represented within this country.

The largest religious group in Turkey is Islam which makes up over 99% of the population. Most Muslims living in Turkey identify as Sunni, with a small percentage being Shia or Alevi Muslims. The remainder of the population comprises primarily other Christian denominations, such as Roman Catholic, Greek Orthodox and Protestantism, and smaller communities representing Jewish faiths, such as Sephardic and Ashkenazi Judaism.

Religion, Nationalism and Populism in Turkey

Religion has long been a pivotal part of Turkish society, playing an important role in nationalist and populist movements. Turkey is officially a secular nation, but with almost 99% of its population being Muslim, Islam remains the dominant Religion. This means that Religion still plays an influential role in politics and culture.

The most popular form of Islam practised in Turkey is Sunni Islam which holds traditional values close to heart. As such, the government has often sought to promote Islamic beliefs and practices while also attempting to maintain some degree of secularism.

While the state does not intervene directly in religious affairs, it does seek to ensure that public sphere institutions conform to a socially conservative interpretation of Islamic doctrine. This has meant that many laws and regulations reflect this approach, contributing to tensions between those who view them as oppressive or restrictive and those who see them as necessary for preserving religious values.

Impending post-autocratic transition: The role of opposition and civil society

The geopolitical landscape of Turkey is undergoing a significant transition as the nation shifts from an autocratic government to a more democratic state. As this process begins, it is important to consider how Religion and civil society will play into this impending post-autocratic transition.

Religion plays a critical role in Turkish politics. The country has had a history of Islamically-minded governments, with the Justice and Development Party (AKP) leading the way in recent years. However, an active opposition movement still seeks to challenge AKP’s policies on social issues such as religious expression. In addition, civil society organizations have been increasingly vocal and active in advocating for religious freedom and tolerance within Turkish society.

The Entanglement of Religion and Nationalism in Turkey

Turkey has long been a country of religious diversity, with Christianity and Islam having historically coexisted peacefully. However, in recent years this peaceful entanglement of Religion and culture has come under threat as more conservative interpretations of both religions have grown in influence. The Turkish state has also become increasingly entrenched within the nationalistic ideology intrinsically linked to Religion.

This has created an environment where those who do not subscribe to the majority’s beliefs are often excluded. Allowing for ethnic cleansing to occur, whereby those who exist outside the mainstream are removed from positions of power or access to resources. As such, it is becoming increasingly difficult for Turkey’s various religious minorities to practice their faith without reservation or interference by the government.

Turkey’s Ancient Faith: Transcending Generations

Religion has always been a large part of life in Turkey, and the country’s ancient faith still transcends generations. Turkey’s majority religion is Islam, but many other religions are practised throughout the nation. Turkey’s history of religious practice is as old as the country itself and has been largely influenced by its geography, politics and culture.

Turkey's Ancient Faith Transcending Generations

The earliest known Religion in turkey was an animistic belief system. Which was popular until the introduction of Christianity by early missionaries in 300 AD. After Christianity took root, it quickly became one of the primary religions within Turkish society. Judaism flourished during this period, with numerous synagogues being built throughout the country. During Ottoman rule (1299-1923), Islam became increasingly dominant in religious practice due to its strong association with government institutions and law.

How Religion Shapes Everyday Life in Turkey

Religion is an important part of everyday life in Turkey. Most of the population is Muslim, and Religion plays an integral role in public and private life. How Religion shapes, everyday life in Turkey can be seen through many aspects. From the food people eat to how they dress and their political outlook.

The majority of people are Muslim and follow Islamic principles. This affects everything from what types of food people eat (halal) to how they dress modestly by religious requirements. Society has certain expectations for how women should dress. This includes covering their heads or wearing a hijab when out in public or at the mosque for prayer time. Men, too, must adhere to certain clothing rules, such as avoiding shorts or tank tops when going into mosques or other sacred places.

Exploring the Complexities of Religious Identity in Turkey

Religion is an integral part of life in Turkey. With a majority Muslim population, the country has long been known for its strong ties to Islam. However, exploring the complexities of religious identity in Turkey reveals a much more complex picture than just one faith.

Turkey is home to multiple religions and holds a unique place within each tradition. For example, many Turkish citizens practice Sunni and Alevi Islam simultaneously, creating an eclectic mix of Islamic traditions. Additionally, Christianity and Judaism have existed in the region since ancient times, often coexisting peacefully with their Muslim counterparts. This diverse religious landscape provides insight into how different groups work together to create an inclusive society honouring multiple faiths.

The role of Religion in public life also varies across Turkey’s regions and cities.

Stories from a Modern Turkish Mosque

Religion is a vital part of life in Turkey, home to the largest Muslim population in Europe and the second-largest in the world. The religious landscape of Turkey has been shaped by centuries of conquest and cultural exchange. Islam is still the majority religion in today’s secular state. But it coexists peacefully with other faiths, such as Christianity and Judaism. The modern mosque is often an architectural marvel with its vast domes, curved minarets, intricate designs and vibrant colours reflecting local traditions in its design. Visiting one such mosque provides an insight into how Religion is lived out daily by millions of Turks across this diverse country.

Intriguing Customs in the Faiths of Turkey

Turkey has a long and complex history of Religion, with many different faiths practised by its citizens. The country is home to an incredibly diverse range of religions, including Islam, Christianity, Judaism and paganism. This intriguing mix of beliefs has resulted in some unique customs emerging throughout the centuries.

The Islamic faith is the most popular Religion in Turkey, practised by more than 99 percent of the population. The country’s Islamic roots can be seen in many aspects of daily life. Such as prayer times and marriage and divorce laws. One interesting custom is the ‘mawlid’. An annual celebration that marks Prophet Muhammad’s birthday and includes processions with music and performances that display traditional Turkish culture.

Christianity also plays an important role in Turkish culture – over 1 million Christians live in Turkey today.

Final thoughts on Religion in Turkey

Religion in Turkey is a complex and dynamic issue. For centuries, it has shaped the country’s history, politics, and culture. As Turkey continues to modernize, Religion will remain a major factor in the country’s social, economic and political development. As other countries need to adjust to a changing world, so does Turkey. It remains an open question as to how this will affect the role of Religion in Turkish society in the future.

What is the main Religion in Turkey?

Turkey’s main religion is Islam, with approximately 99.8% of the population identifying as Muslim. The majority of Muslims are Sunni, with a small percentage being Shia. Other religious minorities in Turkey include Christianity and Judaism.

What are the top 3 religions in Turkey?

The three largest religions in Turkey are Islam, Christianity, and Judaism. Islam is the most widely practised Religion, with over 99% of the population identifying as Muslim. Christianity is the second largest Religion, with about 0.2% of the population practising it. Judaism is the third largest Religion, with an estimated 15,000 adherents in Turkey.

What type of Islam is in Turkey?

Turkey is predominantly a Sunni Muslim country, with around 99% of the population belonging to this sect. The remaining 1% consists of other Islamic denominations, such as Alevi and Shia Muslims. Turkey also has a small Christian population, mostly Armenian and Greek Orthodox Christians.

What do Muslims in Turkey believe in?

Muslims in Turkey are predominantly Sunni Muslims. And believe in the five pillars of Islam, including belief in one God (Allah). Prayer five times a day, fasting during Ramadan, giving charity, and making a pilgrimage to Mecca. They also adhere to the teachings of the Quran and the Sunnah.